How Long Does it Take to Get DNA Paternity Test Results?

If you’re wondering how long it takes to get the results back from a DNA paternity test, the answer can vary, depending on which lab you choose. While some DNA labs can provide results in 1-2 days, others can take 3-12 weeks or longer! Most people are looking for paternity results sooner rather than later; DDC’s standard is 2 working days with online results for the fastest answers. Whatever your reason may be, there are many options for DNA paternity tests: legal, curiosity, prenatal, post-natal–choose wisely to fit your needs, and your budget.

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Why would it take longer to find test results?

If you decide to go through a child support office in your county, you must meet specific criteria for a court ordered DNA test. The time the process takes has come down significantly over the years, but there are still forms to be processed, a court order to be sent down from a judge, coordinating the DNA collection, and more paperwork before results can be released. There is no “RUSH” option during these adoption procedures, so there may be a lengthy wait ahead. Once everything has gone through, the results will become public record, and court admissible.

  • Longest wait: 4-6 weeks and longer, from county Child Support office—if you qualify.
  • Shortest wait: 1-2 days, from private lab—but call first!

How can you get faster paternity test results?

If you contact a DNA lab directly, and hustle in for the DNA collection of all parties, some labs offer a priority turnaround times on results. You could be seeing your results the day after the lab has all the samples and paperwork. Imagine doing the initial call on a Monday with the results on a Friday! The key is to call and talk directly to a testing coordinator and get very specific about what you want, when you want it, and how much it will cost.

Some paternity testing sites offer fast testing, but it may take them a week to mail you the kit, with a week to return it. Make sure when you are shopping around, that fast testing is only part of the picture. Other labs offer a low introductory price, but then layer in “Shipping & Handling” and other fees, making it not so savvy after all. Make sure you call and ask about all the features, otherwise, you’ll likely be disappointed.

Don’t forget about accuracy! If you get the results fast but aren’t 100% confident in the results, you’ve wasted your money. Before buying, make sure to do your homework on the lab and make sure it is the right choice for such an important test. When you are browsing, look for AABB Accreditation, BBB ratings, and other independent ratings that ensure good practices and accuracy.

To talk to a DDC representative, click here for a list of services and phone numbers.

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Can a DNA Paternity Test be Done Without the Father?

DNA paternity tests without the father do not stand up in courtPaternity testing in the laboratory is a complex, but very accurate process that helps prove the paternity of a person through DNA testing. This testing helps identify the true biological father of a child and helps those involved find clear evidence and even peace of mind. This blog post answers several questions you might have about DNA testing when only one adult is involved.

It is possible to have a DNA paternity test without the father’s direct involvement.

One way is to test the father’s parents or his first degree relatives. Or, non-standard samples from the father, such as an autopsy sample can be used. However, a Chain of Custody form that authorizes the procedure must be signed and processed in order for the court to recognize the validity of the results. And, the results will be less conclusive if the sample is biologically further away from the father’s closest living relative.

Paternity Testing be Done Without the Father’s Knowledge
Conducting a DNA paternity test without the father’s knowledge is called a “non-legal” paternity test. But results to hold up in court, the father tested must be aware of the testing. Legally, he must sign a Chain of Custody form that authorizes the test.

DNA tests can be conducted without the father knowing, but the results will be strictly for personal information and use only. This is why DNA home kits have seen some interest. A person can work with an outside laboratory for the testing material needed to collect evidence from the father and the child. Samples can be taken and sent in for analysis. But because the father’s awareness and consent of the test is non-existent, the test cannot be used as evidence in court.

Can the Father Refuse DNA Paternity Testing?
The alleged father of a child does have the right to refuse a court-ordered DNA test.  However, he will experience legal consequences for doing so. DNA testing is typically considered a civil lawsuit, which the judge uses to force the alleged father to submit to at a court-approved facility.

If the alleged father refuses to take the test at this point, he can be held in contempt of court.  This can lead to legal consequences such as fines and criminal charges. If a paternity suit gets filed, the court won’t necessarily force the alleged father to have a paternity test right away. First, it will review the facts of the situation. If there’s enough information to warrant a paternity test, the court will issue the order.

How Accurate is a DNA Paternity Test?
If you are able to get a sample directly from the father, as is the case with simple buccal cheek swabs, these tests can have up to 99.9999% accuracy.

DNA tests are powerful tools when determining paternity in divorce and related custody or child support cases.  They help women identify biological fathers, and alleged fathers prove they are not biological fathers.

What matters most is how the samples are collected. They must follow the chain-of-custody process.  When being tested, mothers and named fathers must present a valid ID, sign the Chain of Custody authorization, and their samples must be securely attached to their ID. It’s worth repeating but if DNA samples are collected without the knowledge of the other party that makes the test invalid in court.

Can You Contest the Results of a Potentially Falsified DNA Test?
In some cases, even accurate DNA test results can be contested.  There are a few situations where this can happen:

  • If the result is believed to be fraudulent
  • In cases where the alleged father proves he is infertile
  • Clear evidence is available showing someone has tampered with the lab results

How Many DNA Tests Are Done Each Year?
In 2006, the National Institutes of Health conducted a study that showed 300,000 paternity tests are performed each year in the United States.  Since then, however, that number has grown steadily, climbing to 400,000, according to the New York Times.  The latter article also notes that men who question whether they are the biological father of the child they’re raising are in fact not the biological father about 30% of the time. Thirty percent is a high number.

The AABB has found that number has surged to 500,000.  Most of these tests are requested by child support agencies. The bottom line:  paternity tests are a useful tool for proving paternity in divorces and other legal cases.  If you are trying to determine paternity, just make sure you have the results collected legally by using a Chain of Custody.

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Prince’s DNA & Paternity Testing

The sudden death of music icon Prince has once again left a multi-million dollar estate up in the air, and bought new people forward asking for paternity testing to prove a biological relationship. The Midwest Medical Examiner’s Office is in possession of Prince’s blood, and is now authorized to provide it to DNA Diagnostics Center (DDC) in Fairfield, OH for testing, as reported by the StarTribune in Minneapolis.

Prince was cremated shortly after his death, but the Midwest Medical Examiner collected blood. It’s not uncommon for blood to be saved, and in this case, because Judge Kevin Eide said that Brenner Trust can obtain the blood because “parentage issues might arise.”

It can be difficult to establish paternity while the alleged father is alive. Celebrities and athletes are often the accused, but they don’t have to participate in DNA testing unless ordered to do so. Therefore more people may surface for testing following a death, when an estate is being divided.

In April 2007, Dr. Michael Baird announced the results of the Anna Nicole Smith and Larry Birkhead paternity test. The leader in the quality DNA paternity testing, DDC was chosen for it’s commitment to accuracy and complete confidentiality.

Time will tell how many people come forward claiming to be relatives of the pop legend. One man has already filed a claim in a Minnesota probate court. Carlin Q. Williams’ mother is claiming she had a one night stand with the singer in July of 1976, in Kansas City.

It will now be up to the courts to decide who is tested for biological ties to Prince. One report claimed that up to 700 people may be ready to submit their samples, but the number will likely be much smaller. Whatever the number, DNA testing is proven once again as the gold standard for providing the credible evidence needed.


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Can I get a paternity test while pregnant?

One of the questions we hear most often is —“Can I get a paternity test while I’m pregnant?”

The answer is YES.

There are various reasons for wanting to know the answer as soon as possible. Certainly, peace of mind throughout the rest of the pregnancy is reason. A DNA test confirming paternity may pave the way for legal and medical benefits for a child born to unmarried parents.

A child’s DNA profile is set at conception and does not change. Therefore, a DNA test can be done before you give birth by acquiring the DNA from the unborn child that is mixed in with with the mothers blood. Blood from the mother and a cheek swab from the father is what’s needed to perform the paternity test. This can be done any  time after the 8th week with the prenatal paternity test from DDC.  The sample collections are easily coordinated with a call to our DNA Experts who work closely with expecting mothers and fathers every day.

Once the samples are sent to our laboratory, we can perform the DNA paternity test in 5-7 business days. Please click through to our website to see prices, payment plans, and more details.

 

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How Much Does a Paternity Test Cost?

 

You might be wondering if you can afford a high-quality paternity test. There are many companies offering “cheap” paternity tests on the internet—and there is often a direct relationship between paternity test cost and quality. At DDC the range is from $159 to $459 (with further discounts often available) depending on the services needed. We tailor the right test to your needs, and most importantly, give you accurate results with full customer service.

This post sheds some light on what goes into paternity testing costs.

Although a DNA test may seem as simple as a pregnancy test, many factors can affect the accuracy of a DNA test result and what you can use the results for. These are the top two considerations when looking at how much a paternity test costs.

First, let’s talk about accuracy. Because DNA testing is a highly sensitive test, careful and precise steps must be taken to ensure the correct result is reported. In our laboratory, two independent teams of DNA analysts run every legal DNA test twice, using state-of-the-art equipment, and the end results are verified by a trained scientist with a PhD degree. We do this above and beyond the AABB requirement, to assure our clients of  100% accurate results.

The second thing to consider is what you eventually will use the test results for. Many people need a paternity test to provide legal documentation of paternity—for child support, child custody, and inheritance, and others.

A legal paternity test provides documentation of the entire testing process, and a trained professional collects the DNA samples from the participants. This type of paternity test costs more, but you can be assured of legally admissible test results should you need them now, or in the future.

On the other hand, if you just want the paternity test results for personal knowledge, a home paternity test allows you to collect the samples conveniently and in private. This type of test costs less, but the results may not be accepted in a court of law. Since this test may not be challenged in court, some companies cut costs on these tests.

If you feel that a company’s DNA paternity test cost sounds too low to be reliable, it’s probably true. You never know what shortcuts a company is taking to drive their costs down. Be smart—the most important test you’ll ever purchase deserves the most trusted laboratory in the world.

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Celebrity Paternity Update

There are many stories of paternity swirling in the news today, so it’s time for a Celebrity Paternity Update!

Jay Z has a love child—at least that’s what Rymir Satterthwaite claims, and has taken his paternity case to federal court. In an exclusive interview with Radaronline.com, the alleged son of the 46-year-old rapper Jay Z said “I will not stop until justice is served in court. Everybody deserves a fair due process in a court of law…this is not just about paternity, it is about the court system doing what is right, instead of being persuaded by power.”

Top Chef host Padma Lakshmi was married to infamous novelist Salman Rushdie from 2004 to 2007, when they divorced. Still “hurting” from her divorce, she began dating and then became pregnant with her daughter Krishna. What she later revealed in her memoir Love, Loss and What We Ate was that she didn’t know for sure who Krishna’s father was at birth. She dated late billionaire Teddy Forstmann and venture capitalist Adam Dell (brother of Dell Computers’ Michael Dell). It was later found that Adam Dell was the father, and Forstmann left part of his fortune to baby Krishna in his will when he passed away in 2011.

O.J. Simpson is back in the news; Khloe Kardashian has never left the news! She’s been “plagued by rumors” for years that she’s not a real Kardashian. In the Inquisitor.com, Amanda Lynne reported that Khloe addressed paternity on her TV show, Kocktails With Khloe, that have be swirling for years. She expressed her anger over the rumors and former step-mother Jan Ashley who started them. Ashley was married to Robert Kardashian, who she alleges had spoken out about his doubts that Khloe was his child. There may be no resolution to this paternity case, and it may just be that the Kardashian’s prefer that the mystery lives on.

Finally, paternity leave continues to be a hot topic in the workplace. John Legend recently announced he is planning paternity leave after his daughter’s birth with wife Chrissy Teigen. One might wonder “leave from what?”, as we don’t imagine artists punching the clock every day. But surely his is a busy schedule, and it’s great news that he’s taking the time to be home during the first weeks of his daughter’s life. Company’s continue to roll out better and better paternity leave programs, most recently ETSY, who is now giving six months paid leave to all employees, mothers and fathers.

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Paternity Test Needed? Do You Wonder?

Here’s a segment of an article from the Huffington Post, where Matt Brennan takes a tongue-in-cheek look at everyday situations with his sone and wonders: Is a paternity test needed?

As parents we often look at our children’s “bad” habits and point the finger—he got that from you! Of course there are also endearing habits that we can surely take credit for. Grandparents are a great resource for tie-breakers, as they knew us best in the early years. It’s a mystery what traits and habits get passed on when DNA meets DNA, and the unique mix is created in our sons and daughters. Some children share striking resemblances of their mom or dad, while others may fall in the “Paternity test needed” category–

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Do sports gene’s get passed on?

when in comes to looks.

Here’s Matt’s take on some every day situations where he sees the similarities and differences of his son. Do you have a list?

  1. He picks the cheese off pizza and only eats half the slice. Paternity test needed.
  2. He runs to his target on the other side of the room, completely oblivious to his surroundings because he’s looking down at his feet. He either runs into the bench or trips over his own feet, it’s tough to say which caused the fall. Sadly, no paternity test needed.
  3. He uses green beans to mask the taste of the chicken. Paternity test needed.
  4. He eats six-course meals that leave his mother wondering what grocery bills will look like during his teenage years. No paternity test needed.
  5. He prefers cartoons to sports. I don’t care if he is only 2. Paternity test needed.
  6. He wants to read everything. If you delay too long when the book is open and he expects you to read to him, he’ll say “Talk to it, daddy.” No paternity test needed.
  7. At the age of 2, when one parent says “no,” he’ll go ask the other parent. I’m pretty sure I did the same thing, but I don’t know if I started that early. No paternity test needed.
  8. He’s exceeded his number of free answers to questions for the year. I’m thinking about charging a quarter per remaining question. This idea isn’t entirely original, however. A friend of the family threatened to charge me, when I was a kid. No paternity test needed.
  9. When he makes us laugh, he repeats his joke over and over and over. Sadly, no paternity test needed.

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DNA Paternity Testing News in India

The United States is a trend-setter in many areas: fashion, technology, transportation to name a few. We also can boast the broadest and strongest medical technology sector in the world, which includes the emerging field of DNA research.

DNA testing is an exciting and evolving frontier, with weekly news stories describing potential breakthroughs. An area that has been established for over 15 years is that of DNA paternity testing. In fact, the same technology and ‘markers’ used today were developed in the late 1990’s.

No country is as heavily invested in DNA paternity testing than the United States. We have entire departments in each state dedicated to the establishment of paternity. We have hospital training programs dedicated to identifying and soliciting signatures from unmarried dad’s just after birth—called Paternity Opportunity Programs. This stemming from a need to hold individuals responsible for their actions, and a state government’s demanding that the cost of child care fall on the father, not the state.

This is not always the case in other countries, where the culture may not place a high priority on identifying the men responsible for fathering children. In fact there are still countries where it may be the norm for men to have multiple families, and the need for “proof” of paternity is not necessary.

With the growing middle class of countries like India, there are changes in consumer behavior. With the added wealth spread across this growing middle class has come the appetite for the West’s technologies—like DNA testing. The price for the testing has decreased simultaneous with new demand, and one can look to the news to find a growing number of stories related to the subject.

Take this story from The Hindu. It’s one of many stories from India, although this one has a unique twist. It is often the case that a “child” will try to establish paternity with their biological father seeking financial gain. In this case, the 73-year-old father is trying to establish the paternity of a celebrity daughter, Lissy, in order to receive “maintenance,” or monthly compensation, as his health is failing, and proper care is expensive.

Here is another, talking about the shared duty (and technology) between a forensic laboratory and paternity testing. Establishing a DNA profile can be used to match samples, as with forensic testing, or comparing samples, which can establish biological relationships.

India has a huge population, and a growing middle class with disposable income—which can be used to pay for testing, as prices continue to decline. It’s safe to say DNA paternity testing will play a bigger and bigger role in India in the future, as an indicator of future growth can be found in articles on the subject. We’ll continue to monitor and update our readers on newsworthy paternity tests.

 

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Rapist Found 20 Years Later by DNA Test

DNA Test, Evidence

DNA Test, Evidence

A Dutch court is in the sentencing phase of a suspect linked by DNA to seven rapes and as many as 16 sexual assaults from 1995 to 2001. How was he caught? Gerald T was recently tried for a bike theft, and in the process of the arrest, was required to give a DNA sample. The sample was processed and uploaded to a database that found the matches to crimes some 20 years ago.

It was likely no surprise to Gerald T that he was going to be linked to the crimes when the DNA sample was taken. As told in an article from ndtv.com, more than 300 people were questioned in 1995-96 in the western city of Utrecht when there were “several assaults in the suburbs and around the university campus. At the time, the attacks triggered alarms forcing authorities to step up security measures amid one of the biggest manhunts ever organized in the city.”

Voluntary DNA test stations were set up and special male officers disguised as women were stationed in places of the greatest risk in an attempt to catch the man. It was not mentioned if Gerald T was one of the 300 questioned at the time, but he did not volunteer for a DNA test.

The attacks stopped, and the investigation was closed in 2001. It was only recently that Gerald was again asked to donate a DNA sample—but this time, it was not voluntary. He now faces a maximum 16-year jail term.

When making their case for mandatory DNA testing of all citizen’s, these are the real life drama’s that advocates point to. If more people in Utrecht were forced to give DNA samples in 1995, how any of the assaults could have been prevented? Utrecht is a city with a population of approximately 225,000 in 1995; it’s nearly inconceivable that all the men could be required to give a DNA samples. It’s a daunting concept when considering collecting DNA from most existing populations.

Can you imagine the day when a newborn’s DNA is collected at birth? This seems less overwhelming, although it will be decades before the database will be a real asset to solving crimes.

Today, many countries have programs to collect DNA from arrested individuals, and/or those imprisoned. The theory is that criminals are repeat offenders, and once collected two things can happen. One, their DNA can tie them to cold cases, and two, they are now less likely to commit future assaults if they know their DNA is “in the system.”

How do you feel about donating your DNA to a state, or federal database? Some argue—if you are ‘clean’, you have nothing to worry about! Some feel it is an invasion of personal privacy, and that the last place they want their DNA is with a government agency. What’s your opinion?

 

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Paternity Leave Policy Trends

some Proud Parents Holding Baby in the bedroom

Paternity Leave; Dad bond time

Mark Zuckerburg has the right idea. Shortly after he announced a new paternity leave policy for Facebook employees, he took the leave himself! He’s probably due to return to work soon, and while he’s been away, the media has embraced his story, with coverage and photo’s of him at the diaper station. It’s clear that he’s not only taking he leave for his family, but perhaps for all working families. Like his first baby (Facebook), he’s very much championing the philosophy of encouraging fathers to be home for the first weeks and months of a new baby’s life.

This wasn’t always the case, and remains the exception rather than the rule. Just a generation ago, the norm was a single income from Dad, and a life at home for Mom. She was to perform her maternal duties, at home, just like he was to perform his, at work. He worked, she didn’t (or so we said).

The very reality of “work” that’s often associated with parental roles has changed dramatically in the last 100 years. The agrarian family mission was to create a workforce. It took a small village to keep the farm running; kids were a necessary part of the workforce, and heirs to the family farm.

Today, and for the foreseeable future, the agrarian lifestyle is gone. Two income families are becoming the norm, often drive by necessity of a mortgage and school tuition. But often too by choice, as more women graduate from universities looking for more—looking to join the workforce and compete alongside male graduates.

But women continue to fulfill the role of mom, and although family size may be on the decline, working and non-working women continue to have children. Working society that used to think dad needed a week at the most to check in at home and provide a little relief for mom is wondering if dad deserves more.

The movement to paternity leave is undeniable. A week in turning into a month, and the ultra-competitive San Jose crowd is competing over who can offer the longest time (up to a year) AND how much of the time is paid. Virgin Atlantic was the first to make headlines with their generous policy in June 2015, although since the announcement people have found it not to be less than advertised.

Here are a few policies as of January 1, 2016:

NETFLIX: Unlimited paid leave for the first year.

Facebook: Up to 4 months paid leave.

Yahoo: 16 weeks for mothers, 8 weeks for fathers.

Virgin Atlantic: Up to 52 weeks of paid leave (clarified here—few qualify)

As the US federal and state governments are the nations largest employers, it will be interesting where paternity policy for government employees goes in 2016. But the trend says it will be improving. Like most policies, however it may be lined with red tape. Perhaps a paternity test may be necessary to qualify? At the very least, a review of Maury shows might reveal some relevant history for those looking to stay home with newborns!

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